Sleep disorders are conditions that disturb your normal sleep patterns. Sleep disorders include any condition that interrupts a person’s ability to fall asleep, stay asleep, or wake up naturally. There are over 100 different sleep disorders that have been described, but only a few are very common.
What are the 7 most common sleep conditions?
- Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by repeated episodes of partial or complete upper airway obstruction during sleep.
- Insomnia is a difficulty falling asleep or maintaining asleep.
- Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a feeling too tired or sleepy during the day. It may be caused by a lack of sleep or another underlying condition.
- Narcolepsy is a disorder that disrupts sleep and causes overwhelming urge to sleep during the daytime.
- Restless Legs Syndrome is a disorder that causes an uncontrollable urge to move one’s arms and legs.
- Jet lag is a condition that occurs when the body has difficulty adjusting to time zone changes after traveling.
- Sleepwalking as the name suggests is the act of physically getting up and walking around while your mind is asleep.
What is sleep?
Sleep is an essential biological activity that serves to refresh our body and mind. When we are asleep, we aren’t actively aware of our surrounding but our brain is still working on a number of important jobs that help keep us healthy and functioning at our best.
What causes poor sleep?
Poor sleep can be caused by stress, medical conditions, medication, substance abuse and genetics. Many people are unaware of the health risks of poor sleep, but the consequences are real. They include reduced productivity and impaired concentration during the day, heart disease and high blood pressure, cancer, diabetes, and obesity.
What sleep is good sleep?
Good sleep means getting at least 7 hours of quality, sound sleep every night. While the amount of sleep a person needs each day to be healthy varies from person to person most adults need between 7 and 9 hours of sleep a night.